Temporomandibular disorder, known as TMD is a cycle of pain, muscles spasms, and joint imbalance where the jaw meets the skull. The lower jaw meets the skull at the Temporomandibular joint, known as TMJ. This joint connects the temporal bone of the skull with the mandible bone of the jaw. Cushioning these two bones is a thin disc of cartilage. Five muscles support the joint.

Symptoms of TMD

When the balance of these bones, cartilage, and muscles is lost, it can cause:

This cycle of pain, spasms, and joint imbalance can be started by clenching or grinding the teeth, a bad bite caused by missing teeth, a blow to the joint, arthritis or emotional stress.

To restore balance we may need to:

Other treatments: